Keno capitalism diagram from Michael Dear and Steven Flusty. “Postmodern urbanism.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 88.1 (1998): 50-72.
Sometimes I read academic articles and wonder how much beer was involved in their formulation. Especially folks who are writing about postmodern urbanism which seems to suggest a fever dream style of writing.
Cities no longer develop as concentrated loci of population and economic activity, but as fragmented parcels within Citistat, the collective world city. Materially, the Citistate consists of commudities (commodified communities) and the in-beyond (the permanently marginalized).
The consequent urban aggregate is characterized by acute fragmentation and specialization — a partitioned gaming board subject to perverse laws and peculiarly discrete, disjointed urban outcomes.